Staying healthy is not the most difficult thing you’ll ever do, but it does take some effort and vigilance. One part of that effort is getting appropriate screening tests, which are used to detect potential health problems when they’re still treatable.
The screening tests you’ll need will change as you age. Once you start a test, it will likely be required periodically for the rest of your life.
How we are aging the risk of some kind of deadliest illness or disorder increases. Cancer, heart disease, stroke, and other diseases are much more common in later years of life. Fortunately, many of these diseases can be treated and cured, and prevented, but only if diagnosed in a timely manner. Here are some of the medical tests every woman needs:
It is recommended that you do a mammogram or a breast cancer examination every year or every two years once you have completed 40 years of age. With regular mammograms, you can detect breast cancer at an early stage and take measures to prevent its spread.
However, the best consultation with your doctor is whether it is necessary and how often a mammogram should be made.
Breast examinations are recommended once every 3 years if you have 20-40 years of age, and every year in women over 40 years. The examinations are done by your doctor and they can reveal a change in the chest that will need to be further investigated.
Test for Cervical cancer
Cervical cancer is revealed by regular pap smears. It is advisable to do pap-tests every 3 years if you are aged 21-30 years old. Over 30 years, it is best to make a combination of a Pap test and an HPV test every 5 years, or if you do not have an HPV test, then continue with regular pap smears every 3 years.
Your gynecologist may recommend more frequent popular tests if needed. The gynecological examination also includes other examinations other than the Pap test and the HPV test.
Regular annual gynecological examinations are advisable for women in order to be able to discover and further investigate health problems in a timely manner, as well as to prevent their progress.
If you have over 65 years old, ask your doctor about whether and how often you should do such examinations.
The thyroid gland can cause other more serious diseases if not treated. Therefore, timely checks of the thyroid gland are required. Consult your doctor when it comes to the age at which you should start the checks.
Mineral bone density
If you have over 65 years of age, consult your doctor and examine the mineral density of the bones. Using this test, you can discover osteoporosis and prevent the progression of this disease.
Test for Sexually transmitted diseases
Your doctor may explain to you about sexually transmitted diseases, how to protect yourself and what kind of examinations you need. All sexually active women are recommended to be examined for diseases such as HIV, chlamydia, syphilis, and other infections in consultation with your doctor.
Cancer of the colon
Make tests for bowel cancer if you are over 50 years old. There are several types of trials that you can do, and your doctor will explain what tests are needed and how often you should be examined. If you are under 50 years old and have had a case of bowel cancer or polyps in your family, consult a physician about whether you need to be examined.
If you are experiencing high blood pressure or overweight, it is recommended that a diabetes examination is done. Women over 45 years old can be screened for diabetes every 3 years. Diabetes can harm other organs in the body like the heart, brain, eyes, kidneys, nerves, etc.
Go to an eye exam once every two years if you are experiencing vision problems.
It is recommended to check teeth every year (twice a year is best) so that they can be treated in a timely manner.
Your doctor may recommend skin examinations from time to time. Consult with him if you think you need such a review. Regular skin examinations may reveal worrying blisters or stains on the skin or skin cancer at an early stage.
Test for Cholesterol in the blood
Start testing your blood cholesterol every 5 years after your 35th year of life. High blood cholesterol tests from the age of 20 are needed if you smoke cigarettes, have high blood pressure, diabetes, overweight, or if you or a member of your family have heart problems. Early detection of cholesterol can prevent heart disease.
Check Your Blood Pressure More Often
Blood pressure should be checked every two years regardless of your age because high blood pressure can cause stroke as well as problems with the heart, eyes, and kidneys. If you are over 65 years of age or are younger and you already have heart problems, kidneys, or diabetes, you may need to check your blood pressure more often.
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